What caused the extinction of Ancient Sciences?
Sanatan Sanskriti has been guiding us for thousands of centuries and it has been widely affected due to various factors. If we discuss these factors we find a number internal as well as external parameters lined up impacting existence of Sanatan values and what we today is merely a meager representation of Sanatan Sanskriti. More or less the actual and original form has been long gone but some partial narrative has been still adopted by a number of societies and communities today as well.
So, to discuss the effective role players in changing and modifying the Sanatan Sanskriti we need to keep in our attention that nature is always changing. It never stays the same. In the course of change there are certain environmental factors involved with the changes and there are a number of abrupt modifications which we call as natural disasters or calamities. Therefore, the environmental factors have affected the existence of the Sanatan Culture as a whole but the scale of change is very minute and if compared to man made changes it accounts to almost negligible.
Moreover, the society is also changing its shape in terms of it’s values, morals, interests etc. and hence the society molds itself to the need of region or climate or social changes. For instance there had been a practice called Sati Pratha where a widow had to burn herself in the Pyres of her dead husband and die with him. The practice came into being due to terrible acts of rape and abuse by Mughal invaders on India and Hindu persecution.
As we have narrowed down on the word “Religion”, let’s see the implication it had on our history. There had been more than 14,000 versions of Sanatan Dharma practiced at different places and communities as per their interests. When certain communities started sticking to a certain form and alienated themselves from Sanatan Values to a greater extent they found what we call a Religion. Hence, religions had been undermining Sanatan Dharma from the very beginning and as per the historians we can recall the process of persecution of Greeks in Europe and Arabian Tribes in the Arab world. Christianity and Islam being the two majorly practiced Religions of today also turned out to be more hostile to other religions or practices and a number of forced conversions were done to remove the adherence to Sanatan valued by the indigenous people.Also, there had been a number of wars between Christian and the Islamic world itself in the history in the form of what we call “Crusades”. A result of crusade wars is what we see as Istanbul was actually Constantinople established by Christian king Constantine in the 3rd century and taken over by Sultan Mehmed II in 1453 in a crusade war.
Industrial Revolution, the founding father of capitalism is also a reason for eradication of Sanatan Sanskriti from the daily routine. Industrial revolution forced labors be it men, women or children to work innumerable hours of the day as per what pleases the factory owner. This made the lives of people miserable. Also, in the colonies of European invaders they forced plantation work in agriculture and factories established in the colonial countries too as a result of the Industrial Revolution. Hence, when people had no time to follow their dignity and their form of Sanatan Dharma, it got extinct in their daily schedules.
Since, now it is being mentioned about colonization why don’t we go back and see what the colonial era did to Sanatan Dharma. There had been colonies of Europeans in every continent, America, Africa, Asia, Australia and they had been exploiting these people since the time they reached their lands. It started with Spanish leader Columbus reaching the Caribbean Islands and finding Arawaks. He was very envious of Arawaks that they had such a plenty of natural resources to feed on. Later on we know what happened. Spanish were so cruel with Arawaks that they tested their swords on the bare flesh of the natives. Their women were captured as sex slaves. Moreover, they brought germs and pathogens with them that killed the Arawaks. In 25 years almost all the Arawaks were dead either due to disease or killed by the Spanish. Similarly the Mayan and Inca communities of Amercais were ruthlessly destroyed by the European Colonizers and African people were epitome of humiliation at the time of the colonial era.
Lastly, they eradicated the consciousness of an indigenous mind holding the Sanatan values by introducing the concept of Macaulayism, the education of English practices and proliferation of the culture of English world elsewhere around the globe. The trend is still working in colonial countries and has almost destroyed the world of various Asian countries such as India, Pakistan, Bangladesh etc. It will continue to destroy the native pride of people until they ponder about their true culture which is again Sanatan Dharma.
So is it still possible to revive the Sanatan Dharma. If you ask the author, he would say definitely. But this is a gradual process of bringing back the consciousness to every society including the European world to recognize what they did wrong. It starts with any individual making himself aware about the Sanatan values depicted in various books such as Vedas, Upnishads, Mahabharata etc. You cannot read them whole in one day but you can read them in a story wise pattern. Moreover, you can impart the changes you read in your daily lives gradually and encourage the people around you to do the same and share the benefits of adopting Sanatan practices in your life. Further, don’t hesitate to share your knowledge with other people and keep your mind open. When we have enough interfaces such as Facebook, Whatsapp, Instagram etc. you can never get less of networking and information sharing. So share the Sanatan Dharma with your friends and families. It is an upliftment of an individual’s consciousness and dignity and the raising of standards of society both happening altogether.
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