अहिंसा परमो धर्मः | A critical analysis of Violence outbreaks | Hitting the morals of Violence
Why are we discussing this?
The year 2020. Year of public order breaking apart, year of economic breakdown, year of civil wars and riots, Year of violence and war. We have seen different discourses from various corners of the globe where violence is inflicted. And it would be unjust to say that violence is the only solution. But many proponents of war justify it using various factors. Also, while world leaders in the years post WW2 era have sided with the peacemaking mindset. What is the ultimate solution for public welfare and the homogeneous development of society? Is it based on War or Peace?
Ishwar Geeta Chapter 7:Starting with the famous Shloka:
अहिंसा परमो धर्मः धर्म हिंसा तथैव च: l
अहिंसा सबसे बड़ा धर्म है और धर्म रक्षार्थ हिंसा भी उसी प्रकार श्रेष्ठ है)
It is the nonviolence that spearheads the public order and law but when the latter is violated, it is just to step by violent means to reestablish the law and order.
What should not be interpreted from the video?
This video is based on critical thinking of a very serious issue. To resort or not resort to Violence. Also, The shloka has been incompletely perpetuated by various leaders of the world. It has been observed that while fighting the British Colonizers in various countries the shloka has been wrongfully put forward incompletely and caused an utter social deformity which has resulted in mass deaths in various countries as of what we see in historical instances.
Ahinsa that is non-violence is the ultimate dharma- true! But to protect Dharma, one shall resort to violence.
Now, people confuse Dharma with Religions. Dharma is not a religion. Dharma is the base to all religions or we can say Sanatan Sanskars are the base.
It is important to understand when one feels compassion towards all, there is Dharma. Hindu, Muslim, Sikh, Isai are just practices to hold dharma. However, now Dharma is forgotten and the only thing left is discrimination in the name of religions which has led to numerous battles in the past and is continuing. If someone is overriding Compassion, one may resort to violence to bring him/her back to understand the moral values. Regardless of the religion, they hold.
Anyway, now that we have explained what true Dharma is, let’s come back to our topic.
Why does the option of violence come in the picture?
Humans are intelligent animals. Humans have been learning from animals and the basics of survival instincts for humans are to Freeze, Flee, and Fight. We have the ability to judge the environment and decide our actions leading consequences to our actions.. However, this also depends on one’s conditioning since birth. There are places and countries as a whole where it is taught to kill the people who don’t believe in their religion or faith. Then it is not justified. Also, if you’re being attacked on a roadside or down a narrow lane or a shady street or if these proponents of such there is only 1 god come to homes to take away your life and liberty straight away, you should be ready to face them or if someone poses to you a literal threat all of sudden you can always resort and you should rather resort to a violent comeback to defend yourself. To save yourself violence is the only way here. Keep yourself fit and have enough physical strength to at least defend yourself and your family.
Since this year has been marked with the most violent uprising in various countries we assumed to bring altogether reasoning whether this violence perpetuating is justifiable as it seems or not.
Is the natural instinct of human violence?
As we said before, the conditioning of a person since birth plays a major factor in their personality. If he or she has seen violence at home since birth, or abandoned by parents to live on his own, or bullied, etc. may resort to violence. Their natural instincts become violence.
Kshatriyas in Manusmriti are the ones to be considered for violence but the fact to be considered here is that even Kshatriyas don’t resort to violence unless needed. Kshatriyas are the verge of a Human figured nation that is named Armed Forces or Defence Forces. There is no such thing as an Attack Force.
Examples from the contemporary world
Holocaust happened in WW2, Nuclear attacks happened on Japan by the US, the BLM movement by perpetuating violence and destruction, ISIS manifesting killings in the name of beliefs, Kashmiri youths turning to stone pelters as an employment means, Violence and disorder in Sweden, people washed away to dead in Norway, the city being fired and destroyed in Bengaluru, People being slaughtered and crushed into drains due to different beliefs in Delhi riots
Examples from Sanatan and Teachings
There are endless examples. Let’s start with Bhagwad Geeta most famous shlok-
यदा यदा हि धर्मस्य ग्लानिर्भवति भारत।
अभ्युत्थानमधर्मस्य तदात्मानं सृजाम्यहम् ॥४-७॥
परित्राणाय साधूनां विनाशाय च दुष्कृताम् ।
धर्मसंस्थापनार्थाय सम्भवामि युगे युगे ॥४-८॥
मै प्रकट होता हूं, मैं आता हूं, जब जब धर्म की हानि होती है, तब तब मैं आता हूं, जब जब अधर्म बढता है तब तब मैं आता हूं, सज्जन लोगों की रक्षा के लिए मै आता हूं, दुष्टों के विनाश करने के लिए मैं आता हूं, धर्म की स्थापना के लिए में आता हूं और युग युग में जन्म लेता हूं।
Just like this Parbrahma/Parmatma has taken many avatars through Vishnu/Narayan and Shiva/Mahadev. Considering Narayan for now, He is known in 10 avatars- dashavatars.
Each Avtar has its own way of establishing Dharma.
Matsya Avatar- to defeat a demon and establish Satyuga.
Kurma Avatar was a try to establish peace between asuras and gods and also helped in Samudra Manthan.
Varaha Avatar- kill Hiranyaksh and pull Earth out of the cosmic ocean(can be personified as the depth of tamas)
Narsimha- kill Hirankashyap and save his devotee Prahlad and other devotees in the Rajya
Parashurama- to kill Kshatriyas drunk in power and misusing it.
Lord Rama- king Ravana, Taadka, Kumbhkaran, Meghnaad, Bali, etc. The whole battle of Ramayana
Lord Krishna- Kansa, Putna, Shishupal, and directly and indirectly involved in killing many more demons or demon personalities. The whole war of Kurukshetra was led by Sri Krishna in order to restore Dharma.
Sanatana Sanskriti says to turn to a violent step in case of unjust only when there exists no other way. If there exists an option that can resolve your issues you should opt for it. Violent riots perpetuated in BLM, Bengaluru, etc are totally unjust and typical examples of Adharma using violence. There had been existing systematic ways to curb the issues and they had been resolved with the systematic process only but inflicting violence on the economy, murdering people, and firing up a city does not bring reform in society. It only brings terror. Terror is not reform. Terror is slavery. Proponents of violence without reason are terrorists and should be treated like one in a country with the order establishing judiciary. If the judiciary cannot establish Dharma ie. Public order and justice by any means. Such a judiciary is a total waste. For extreme crimes judiciary resorts to the death penalty.
This topic as told earlier is a very sensitive topic and this video shall be watched multiple times to understand the crux that Violence is not being promoted. Peace and Harmony is always the best solution to all the problems. Violence can only be the last resort to restore Peace and Harmony.
Watch the complete video to know it all- https://youtu.be/9RjU-MjJouk